How Closely Is Your State Economy Tied To Canada?

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How Closely is Your State Economy Tied to Canada?

With negotiations around NAFTA continuing on into this week, many Americans are rightfully wondering how major changes to the deal could impact their lives.

Discussions are still early, and it’s tough to predict the exact policies that will be affected until negotiations reach their peak. However, until that point, there is one simple barometer that can give you an idea of how you may be affected: how much business does your state do with Canada, and how much is with Mexico?


Today’s visualization from focuses specifically on how close each state economy is tied to Canada.

Using a flow diagram, it breaks down $544.9 billion of bilateral trade into the imports and exports of states, ranked by the total amount of goods sent or received from their neighbors to the north.

Here’s a breakdown of the states that export the most to Canada, both in percentage terms and dollars:

Exports to Canada, by %   Exports to Canada, by $
Rank State Exports (%)   Rank State Exports ($)
#1 North Dakota 82.5%   #1 Michigan $23.7B
#2 Maine 47.5%   #2 Texas $20.0B
#3 Montana 46.7%   #3 Ohio $19.2B
#4 Michigan 43.3%   #4 California $16.2B
#5 Vermont 39.7%   #5 Illinois $15.9B
#6 Ohio 39.0%   #6 New York $15.0B
#7 Missouri 37.6%   #7 Indiana $11.5B
#8 South Dakota 37.1%   #8 Pennsylvania $10.0B
#9 Indiana 33.2%   #9 Tennessee $8.7B
#10 Wisconsin 31.4%   #10 Kentucky $7.5B

On average, 15.0% of all U.S. international trade is with Canada – but as you can see above, some states are clearly more reliant on this trade than others.

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